MAYA-GAIA INTRODUCTION & SITEMAP Page Update 08 24 07
Note: My Anthropic Trilogy web-book, evolving since 1997, is a chronicle of my passing all considered opinion through the lens of my Nirvikalpa Samadhi with both an open-mind and healthy skepticism.
Examining Anthropic Synchronicity
-as an ontogeny of a living universal matrix - a Meta-Gaia - its myriad features - each an essential element in the cosmogenic function of an evolutionary biogenetic continuum that gave birth to and nurtures a lifeform with the level of intelligence we humans are imbued with.
Have I been led intuitively to this ultimate realization of a Meta-Gaia and what my acronym Maya-Gaia infers...that Maya refers to the totality of the perceived and unperceivable universe as imagined by our consciousness and that Gaia is the physical body of that manifestation? That both transcendent and immanent states reside concurrently as the totality of a 200% reality?
Featured Reference: The essay- The Selfish Biocosm: Complexity as Cosmology, is the foundation for James N. Gardner's book Biocosm - (The new scientific theory of evolution: Intelligent Life is the Architect of the Universe) James N. Gardner is a widely published complexity theorist and science essayist whose peer-reviewed articles and scientific papers have appeared in prestigious scientific journals.
The Physical Constants as Biosignature: an anthropic retrodiction of the Selfish Biocosm Hypothesis by James N. Gardner (First published: International Journal of Astrobiology, 2005.) The existence of such a set of biosignatures-a life-friendly suite of physical constants-is a retrodiction of the Selfish Biocosm (SB) hypothesis. This hypothesis offers an alternative to the weak anthropic explanation of our indisputably life-friendly cosmos favored by (1) an emerging alliance of M-theory-inspired cosmologists and advocates of eternal inflation like Linde and Weinberg, and (2) supporters of the quantum theory-inspired sum-over-histories cosmological model offered by Hartle and Hawking. According to the SB hypothesis, the laws and constants of physics function as the cosmic equivalent of DNA, guiding a cosmologically extended evolutionary process and providing a blueprint for the replication of new life-friendly progeny universes. An emerging consensus among mainstream physicists and cosmologists is that the particular universe we inhabit appears to confirm what Smolin calls the "anthropic observation": the laws and constants of nature seem to be fine-tuned, with extraordinary precision and against enormous odds, to favor the emergence of life and its byproduct, intelligence.
Anthropic Principle In addition to the Weak AP and Strong AP, there are the Participatory and Final Anthropic Principles. The Participatory Anthropic Principle states not only that the Universe had to develop humanity (or some other intelligent, information-gathering life form) but that we are necessary to it’s existence, as it takes an intelligent observer to collapse the Universe’s waves and probabilities from superposition into relatively concrete reality. The Final Anthropic Principle states that once the Universe has brought intelligence into being, it will never die out.
As Freeman Dyson put it eloquently more than two decades ago (Dyson, 1979):
Two recent discoveries have imparted a renewed sense of urgency to investigations of the anthropic qualities of our cosmos: the value of dark energy density is exceedingly small but not quite zero; and the number of different solutions permitted by M-theory is, in Susskind’s words, "astronomical, measured not in millions or billions but in googles or googleplexes." The more I examine the universe and study the details of its architecture, the more evidence I find that the universe in some sense must have known that we were coming. There are some striking examples in the laws of nuclear physics of numerical accidents that seem to conspire to make the universe habitable.
Why this should be so remains a profound mystery. Indeed, the mystery has deepened considerably with the recent discovery of the inexplicably tiny value of dark energy density and the realization that M-theory encompasses an unfathomably vast landscape of possible solutions, only a minute fraction of which correspond to anything resembling the universe that we inhabit.
Confronted with such a deep mystery, the scientific community ought to be willing to entertain plausible explanatory hypotheses that may appear to be unconventional or even radical. However, such hypotheses, to be taken seriously, must:
- be consilient with the key paradigms of "adjoining" scientific fields
- generate falsifiable predictions
- generate falsifiable retrodictions
The SB hypothesis satisfies these criteria. In particular, it generates a falsifiable retrodiction that the physical laws and constants that prevail in our cosmos will be biophilic-which they are.
If Any One Synchronicity Listed Below Failed to Arise -
Our Intelligent Life Might Never Have Evolved
(Credit: A Short History of Nearly Everything: How to build a Universe - book by Bill Bryson. A lyrical description of the anthropic principle and about the cosmological singularity before the Big Bang- creation out of nothing. (some editing and addition to the original.)
- The inexplicable first cause of the Big Bang that generated something from nothing.
- The Universe is "flat" - if more matter had been in the Universe then the force of gravity would have collapsed the Universe before life began - if it had less matter everything would have been too far apart to interact properly to create life.
- The existence of matter - super-symmety indicates that matter and anti-matter should have been created in equal amounts at the Big Bang - for some reason there was under 1% less anti-matter created (symmetry breaking) that meant when matter and anti-matter annihilated each other there was some left to create us.
- If the mass of a neutron was 0.2% heavier, protons would collapse into them so creating no elements.
- The fine structure constant, alpha - linked to other dimensions such as the Strong Force, which if it had been slightly higher would have turned all early hydrogen into helium, so preventing creation of molecules such as water
- Carbon would be much rarer were it not for the triple-a nuclear fusion process in stars. If oxygen had a nuclear resonance a little lower, all the carbon would have rapidly changed to oxygen.
- The Solar System is created in a fairly quiet suburb of the Milky Way which has no big concentrations of large stars that could create black holes, quasars or supernovae.
- A first generation of stars were needed to create the heavier elements in their final days, and to then eject it via supernovae to form new stars and planet systems. If the force of gravity and other constants hadn't been just right, no heavier element synthesis would occur.
- The Solar system has several big outer planets that suck in a lot of the asteroids in the solar system that could cause more frequent extinction impacts.
- Earth is a double planet system - its Moon is much larger relative to its host than any other planet so far known. It is speculated to have formed when Theia - an Earth twin planetoid - hit Earth 5 billion years ago, increasing the mass of its molten iron core. This may be a critical mass that causes epicycles of stability and catastrophe in Earth's atmospheric composition, climate and oceanic currents and tectonic plate subduction that recyles carbon- all vital components in our evolutionary history. Theia's contribution to Earth's core may have increased the strength of Earth's magnetic field sufficient to protect life from the deadly effects of solar and gamma ray bursts.
- Debris that got knocked back into space from the Theia impact coalesced into our moon with mass and orbital moments establishing effects vital to the evolution of life.
- It keeps the Earth in a more stable orbit
- It creates tides, of which tidal pools are speculated to be necessary for early life to form
- Its size and orbiting distance from Earth allows vital astronomical observation to be made during solar eclipse that advance our understanding of the universe.
- It subtley contributes to maintenance of Earth's temperature with its gravitation that flexes our planet's mass as it orbits.
- The Earth exists in the "Goldilocks" zone - not too hot and not too cold for liquid water to exist on the planet
- Somehow, water arrived on the planet, speculated from impacts of comets carrying amino acids early in Earth's formation.
- Water is the only known non-metallic substance that has its solid form less dense than its liquid form. Without that, ice would sink and oceans would soon freeze solid.
- Bio-genesis - somehow, in a little understood process, self replicating molecules formed out of amino acids, including RNA and DNA
- Self replicating cells appeared and lived happily for billions of years, before at some point one captured mitochondria giving more energy for multicelluar life.
- The Earth has been through many minor and five major extinctions that at some points wiped out 95% of all life but each catastrophe ushered in new lifeforms without which our species may never have evolved.
- Because of the last extinction event, dinosaurs were wiped out and mammals took over their ecological niches
- As the continents drifted, the created world wide ecological events such as the creation of Panama and the Alps - Panama blocked off the Pacific and Atlantic oceans so making the African plains dry out enough that our ancestors had to drop out of the trees and walk the savannas. The Alps also created the most recent ice age which selectively favoured adaptable homo sapiens.
in our biocosmic model failed to arise.
As with virtually all speculation about cosmic reality there is already an extensive body of opinion on the Internet featuring reality as a biogenic matrix with a cosmic ontogeny or the Selfish Biocosm Hypothesis.
Cosmic Consciousness - is science closing in? Exploring the dialectics that the anthropic principle has generated between the various schools in the scientific community and ontological hypotheses drawn from the non dual metaphysical tradition.
Conscious Cosmology by Mike Adams, 2012. On July 4, 2012 the international team of scientists using the Large Hadron Collider at the CERN Laboratory, in Switzerland, announced that they had discovered evidence for the reality of the long-sought Higgs boson particle, an event that was described as the most significant breakthough in the understanding of the origin and composition of the universe since Einstein's Standard Theory in 1923.
This is the first of a series of articles by Mike Adams, trained in the sciences, taking a quantum leap beyond what scientists claim is the significance of their discovery by adding consciousness (a phenomena that mainstream physics has not yet incorporated, even theoretically, in its math) and proposing a metaparadigm for a truly integrated reality that includes a divine creator.
Cosmic Ontogeny google results for search-term: "cosmic ontogeny"
Ontogeny and Phylogeny by Stephen Jay Gould (1997) On page 109 Gould examines the speculation by Robert Chambers and Herbert Spencer in their Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844) regarding the ontogeny of fish to reptile- mentioned here to illustrate how far back serious scientific examination of the enigma of why evolution appears to be a progressive process- goes.
Evodevo Universe by Clement Vidal (2009) Dispersed insights in cosmology, theoretical and evolutionary developmental (evo-devo) biology and physics and the complexity sciences, which are providing ways to understand our universe within a broader framework. See: Possible Implications of the Quantum Theory of Gravity: An Introduction to the Meduso-Anthropic Principle; Scale Relativity and Fractal Space-Time; Anthropomorphic Quantum Darwinism; Definitions of Life are not only Unnecessary, but they can do Harm to Understanding. See also coauthored book The Evolution and Development of the Universe also Amazing Fractals
Biocosm - (The new scientific theory of evolution: Intelligent Life is the Architect of the Universe) by James N. Gardner. The ideas that underlie the book - including the radical "Selfish Biocosm" hypothesis - were originally presented in prestigious peer-reviewed scientific journals (Complexity, Acta Astronautica, and the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society). The prime objective of the book is to provide the framework for a scientifically plausible and testable formulation of the strong anthropic principle - the notion that life and intelligence have not emerged in a series of random accidents but are essentially hard-wired into the laws of nature and into a vast cycle of cosmic creation, evolution, death and rebirth.
The Vital Vastness
Presents a synopsis of the book's theme that the entire
universe is a biological entity.
Dyadic Model of Consciousness Dr. Edgar Mitchell Foundation - Examination of the more primitive brain functions in the human organism is most likely to yield clues as to the historic role of consciousness and mentality in the evolving pre-anthropic world. The dyadic model suggests that subjective/objective, internal/external must be considered complementary ways of knowing, in that both are required to properly describe reality. The objective, epitomized by the scientific method features precision, detail and logic but linear thinking with the intellect. Both are required to map the terrain of consciousness. The flaw in cultural interpretation of mystical interpretation is precisely that of interpreting metaphor literally. However, a valid information function is taking place nevertheless. Consider the experience of the nirvikalpa samadhi which is described similarly in different traditions. In this experience the sense of Self merges with the cosmos and reality is experienced as unity of Self with All-That-Is. The experience is accompanied by intense ecstasy, a sense of eternity and a complete loss of fear [of death].
Odds Against Intelligent Aliens what are the odds of intelligent life on other planets? (62 slides) The Possibilities that Earth is Rare; The Drake Equation; Are Habitable Planets Common?; Habitability Zone Around Other Stars in Our Galaxy; How to Find an Extrasolar Planet; Greenhouse effect and gases in the atmosphere; Gravity and tectonics; Planet’s magnetic field (magnetosphere); Arecibo 1000 foot dish in Puerto Rico; Why do we WANT to be Contacted?; Overview of some of Homo Sapiens’ Highs and Lows
Alone in the Universe American Scientist, 2011 by Howard A. Smith - Despite the growing catalog of extrasolar planets (See: Exoplanet Data Explorer) data so far do not alter estimates that we are effectively on our own. Scientific odds against ET intelligent life, for the purposes of this discussion, means life able to communicate between stars; this implies having something like radio technology. Our own society, by this definition, is only about 100 years old. If intelligent life is common in a universe that is 13.7 billion years old, then surely we are among the youngest forms in existence. As the physicist Enrico Fermi famously observed, however, the fact that there is no other known intelligent life indicates that the assumption is wrong - intelligent life is not common. Cosmologist Paul Davies explores this absence in detail in his 2010 book, The Eerie Silence Renewing Our Search for Alien Intelligence. The "Rare Earth" hypothesis expresses the idea that Earthlike planets genuinely suitable for intelligent life are few and far between. Paleontologist Peter Ward and astrophysicist Donald Brownlee of the University of Washington, among others, delineate a set of familiar conditions that planets must satisfy for intelligence to prosper, which I have bundled into four essential ones: stability, habitability and water, planetary mass and planetary composition.
Fine Tuned Universe The fine-tuned Universe is the idea that the conditions that allow life in the Universe can only occur when certain universal fundamental physical constants lie within a very narrow range, so that if any of several cosmological fundamental constants were only slightly different the universe would be unlikely to be conducive to the establishment and development of matter, astronomical structures, elemental diversity, or life as it is presently understood. The Participitory Anthropic Principle advances speculation into elements critical for evolution of lifeforms with intelligence to ponder theoretical astrophysics.
The Anthropic Cosmological Principle by John D. Barrow, Frank J. Tipler, 1988 An early presentation of the concept that the fundamental structure of the Universe is determined by the existence of intelligent observers: the universe is as it is because if it were otherwise, observers could not exist. In its most radical version, the Participatory Anthropic Principle asserts: "Intelligent information-processing must come into existence in the Universe, and once it comes into existence, it will never die out."
Anthropic Principle by Hugh Ross, Ph.D. - Examining the theistic evolution perspective where the Anthropic Principle infers a divine creative element.
The Holographic Anthropic Multiverse by Richard L. Amoroso, Elizabeth A. Rauscher World Scientific, 2009 (Formalizing the Complex Geometry of Reality
Anthropic Electron Measure L F Morgan New Physics - New Electron Physics is the proper base of all science disciplines. God is in the Molecular details = Molecule-Anthropic Universe. The no-action-at-a-distance transfer of an electron from one molecule to another (described previously) is an ongoing universal harmony (UH) of least friction/lowest possible energy state that produces synchronicity at the cosmos level --as molecular matter is able to observe & intimately experience it in "real time". What is meant by "real time" here? It is a tautological definition of what universal synchronicity means in terms of time & space as we experience such at the molecular level. That experience is indelibly one electron pulse transfer at a time from molecule to molecule. This is the base meaning of anthropic - or why time & space as experienced is ever benevolently disposed to our continued existence. UH as expressed at the molecule level, where one electron pulse-transfer is built-in Unit Time & Unit Distance, is our obligatory anthropic-base-sense of God & Oneness.
Synchronicity: through the eyes of science, myth, and the trickster - Allan Combs, Mark Holland. Carl Jung coined the term "synchronicity" to describe meaningful coincidences that conventional notions of time and causality cannot explain. Working with the great quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Jung sought to reveal these coincidences as phenomena that involve mind and matter, science and spirit, thus providing rational explanations for parapsychological events like telepathy, precognition, and intuition. Synchronicity examines the work of Jung and Pauli, as well as noted scientists Werner Heisenberg and David Bohm; identifies the phenomena in ancient and modern mythologies, particularly the Greek legend of Hermes the Trickster; and illustrates it with engaging anecdotes from everyday life and literature.
The Universe: Accident or design? Physics Forum Discussion - Then there is the remarkable coincidence of life in a universe where the odds of such a series of circumstances happening by accident appear to be astronomical. But if there were an infinite amount of configurations of universes- then sooner or later life would pop into existence just by accident. The problem with this is that there is no evidence that there is other universes in existence. So it would be logical to assume that there is some creative force in the universe. As far as we know, infinities only exist in mathematics and we don’t know if mathematics was created or discovered. If it is the latter than there may be no "God". The universe appears to have been created by some type of intelligence. Or did we just win the lottery of infinite chance?
Synchronicity - librarything.com reading List
Anthropic Reality Credibility Chris Carlascio - youtube channel - More than a hundred uploads of videos by various authors of philosophical explorations of scientific/mystical interpretations of reality (anthropic evolution, paleontology, cosmology, big bang, entropy, scientism, intelligent design, politics). A broad selection overlain by Chris's moderate faith-based bias.
Life and Mind in the Universe The Origin of Death by George Wald, 2001 I have come to the end of my scientific life facing two great problems. Both are rooted in science; and I approach them as only a scientist would. Yet both I believe to be in essence unassimilable as science. That is scarcely to be wondered at, since one involves cosmology, the other consciousness.
How is it that we have a universe of matter at all? So we can take this to be a universe that breeds life; and yet, were any one of a considerable number of physical properties of our universe other than it is -- some of those properties basic, others seeming trivial, almost accidental -- that life, that now appears to be so prevalent, would become impossible, here or anywhere. I can only sample that story here and, to give this account a little structure, I shall climb the scale of states of organization of matter, from small to great.
What we recognize as the material universe, the universe of space and time and elementary particles and energies, is then an avatar, the materialization of primal mind. In that sense there is no waiting for consciousness to arise. It is there always. What we wait for in the evolution of life is only the culminating event, the emergence of creatures that in their self-awareness can articulate consciousness, can give it a voice and, being also social creatures, can embody it in culture: in technology, art and science.
...the anthropic principle states essentially what I have just said: that the universe possesses the properties it does in order eventually to produce physicists.
...a universe - that to be - needs to be known and to that end has taken on a design that breeds and fosters life; so that life might eventually, here and there, evolve scientists who could cast back upon the history that produced them, and could begin to understand it. That, through their knowing, the universe could achieve increasingly the reality of becoming known, of coming to know itself.
Misconceptions about the Anthropic Principle A blog/forum by Sabine Hossenfelder, Assistant Professor for High Energy Physics at Nordita. (A relatively informed commentary follows) I keep coming across statements about the anthropic principle leaving its mark on physics that strike me as ill-informed, most recently in a book I am presently reading “The Edge of Physics” by Anil Ananthaswamy: “The anthropic principle – the idea that our universe has the properties it does because we are here to say so and that if it were any different, we wouldn’t be around commenting on it – infuriates many physicists, including [Marc Davis from UC Berkeley]. It smacks of defeatism, as if we were acknowledging that we could not explain the universe from first principles. It also appears unscientific. For how do you verify the multiverse? Moreover, the anthropic principle is a tautology. “I think this explanation is ridiculous. Anthropic principle… bah,” said Davis. “I’m hoping they are wrong [about the multiverse] and that there is a better explanation.” The anthropic principle has been employed in physics as a proposed explanation for the values of parameters in our theories. I’m no fan of the anthropic principle because I don’t think it will lead to big insights. But it’s neither useless nor a tautology nor does it acknowledge that the universe can’t be explained from first principles.
Biocentrism: How Life and Consciousness Are the Keys to Understanding the True Nature of the Universe by Robert Lanza with Bob Berman, published by BenBella Books in May 2009. Quantum mechanics is the physicist’s most accurate model for describing the world of the atom. But it also makes some of the most persuasive arguments that conscious perception is integral to the workings of the universe. Some of the greatest physicists have described these results as so confounding they are impossible to comprehend fully, beyond the reach of metaphor, visualization, and language itself. But there is another interpretation that makes them sensible. Instead of assuming a reality that predates life and even creates it, we propose a biocentric picture of reality. From this point of view, life - particularly consciousness - creates the universe, and the universe could not exist without us.
Beyond Biocentrism Rethinking Time, Space, Consciousness, and the Illusion of Death by Robert Kanza, MD with Bob Berman, 2014 - Biocentrism shocked the world with a radical rethinking of the nature of reality - but that was just the beginning. In Beyond Biocentrism, acclaimed biologist Robert Lanza, one of TIME Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People in 2014, and leading astronomer Bob Berman, take the reader on an intellectual thrill-ride as they re-examine everything we thought we knew about life, death, the universe and the nature of reality itself. It starts acknowledging that our existing model of reality is looking increasingly creaky in the face of recent scientific discoveries. Science tells us with some precision that over 95% of the universe is mostly composed of dark matter and dark energy, but must confess that it doesn’t really know what dark matter is, and knows even less about dark energy. Science is increasingly pointing towards an infinite universe, but has no ability to explain what that really means. Concepts such as time, space and even causality are increasingly being demonstrated as meaningless. All of science is based on information passing through our consciousness, but science doesn’t have a clue what consciousness is. Studies have repeatedly established a clear linkage between subatomic states and observation by conscious observers, but science cannot explain this linkage in any satisfactory way. Biologists describe the origin of life as a random occurrence in a dead universe, but we have no real understanding of how life began, or why the universe appears to be exquisitely designed for the emergence of life. (MG comment: Prior to the evolution of Homo sapiens or life with higher consciousness elsewhere in the universe, Cosmic Consciousness could have provided the observer for quantum creation. End MG comment)
Fine-Tuned Universe Wikipedia - The fine-tuned Universe is the idea that the conditions that allow life in the Universe can only occur when certain universal fundamental physical constants lie within a very narrow range, so that if any of several fundamental constants were only slightly different the universe would be unlikely to be conducive to the establishment and development of matter, astronomical structures, elemental diversity, or life as it is presently understood
Finding a Home in the Cosmos Smithsonian magazine, July 2006 by Jerry Adler. In a new book written with his wife, Nancy Abrams, cosmologist Joel Primack argues that the universe, far from being a meaningless void, was meant for us. Sort of. Primack was a particle physicist who became interested in cosmology in the late 1970s, coinciding with the field's transformation by inflation theory and supersymmetry - the latter a theory that relates the properties of particles of force and matter, giving rise to predictions about invisible, or "dark," matter with not even a convincing conjecture about the nature of "dark energy". The center of the universe is not, of course, a geometric point in space, but a metaphor for humanity's place in the cosmos and the authors' intent is to relate these discoveries to the macroscopic, earthbound realm of human perception as a meditation on our place in a universe of visably known, unknown and perhaps unknowable mystery. See animated version of Anthropic Dark Energy Animated
Proofs of God in a photon by Martin Redfern, 1995 - Since quantum physics, the idea of a purposeful universe has become scientifically admissible. Scientists themselves, however, remain firmly divided on the challenge to dualist thought, the nature of consciousness and the anthropic principle.
Emerson's Transcendental Insight Still Ahead of His Time by Frederick Turner Smithsonian Magazine May 2003. Born 200 years ago this month, Ralph Waldo Emerson prophetically mastered a wisdom that could have saved us all a lot of trouble by clarifying our place in nature. The ideas Emerson put forth in his prophetic second entitled "Nature," published in 1844, boil down to two concepts: first, that a purely scientific understanding of our physical being does not preclude a spiritual existence; second, that nature embodies a divine intelligence. Reconciling those views, he argued that we need fear neither scientific progress nor the grand claims of religion.
A New Physics Theory of Life by Natalie Wolchover, January 22, 2014 Why does life exist? Popular hypotheses credit a primordial soup, a bolt of lightning and a colossal stroke of luck. But if a provocative new theory is correct, luck may have little to do with it. Instead, according to MIT physicist Jeremy England, the origin and subsequent evolution of life follow from the fundamental laws of nature. At the heart of England’s idea is the second law of thermodynamics, also known as the law of increasing entropy or the “arrow of time.” Hot things cool down, gas diffuses through air, eggs scramble but never spontaneously unscramble; in short, energy tends to disperse or spread out as time progresses. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. England has derived a mathematical formula that he believes explains this capacity. The formula, based on established physics, indicates that when a group of atoms is driven by an external source of energy (like the sun or chemical fuel) and surrounded by a heat bath (like the ocean or atmosphere), it will often gradually restructure itself in order to dissipate increasingly more energy. This could mean that under certain conditions, matter inexorably acquires the key physical attribute associated with life. Sample Commentary: Great Mathematician Harold Morowitz after a long and exhaustive mathematical and statistical study computed that merely to create a bacterium would require more time than the universe might ever see if chance combinations of its molecules were the driving force, spontaneous emergence of single cell organism from random coupling of chemical is as Sir Freud Hoyle said “is about as likely as the assemblage of a 747 by a tornado whirling through a junkyard”
Did Alien Life Evolve Just After the Big Bang? by Katia Moskvitch, Space.com Contributor, 2014 - Earthlings may be extreme latecomers to a universe full of life, with alien microbes possibly teeming on exoplanets beginning just 15 million years after the Big Bang, new research suggests. Traditionally, astrobiologists keen on solving the mystery of the origin of life in the universe look for planets in habitable zones around stars. Also known as Goldilocks zones, these regions are considered to be just the right distance away from stars for liquid water, a pre-requisite for life as we know it, to exist. But even exoplanets that orbit far beyond the habitable zone may have been able to support life in the distant past, warmed by the relic radiation left over from the Big Bang that created the universe 13.8 billion years ago, says Harvard astrophysicist Abraham Loeb. [The Big Bang to Now in 10 Easy Steps Based on his findings, Loeb also challenges the idea in cosmology known as the anthropic principle. This concept attempts to explain the values of fundamental parameters by arguing that humans could not have existed in a universe where these parameters were any different than they are. So while there might be many regions in a bigger "multiverse" where the values of these parameters vary, intelligent beings are supposed to exist only in a universe like ours, where these values are exquisitely tuned for life. Albert Einstein identified a fundamental parameter- the cosmological constant, in his theory of gravity. This constant is now thought to account for the accelerating expansion of the universe. Also known as dark energy, this constant can be interpreted as the energy density of the vacuum, one of the fundamental parameters of our universe. Anthropic reasoning suggests that there might be different values for this parameter in different regions of the multiverse — but our universe has been set up with just the right cosmological constant to allow our existence and to enable us to observe the cosmos around us. Loeb disagrees. He says that life could have emerged in the early universe even if the cosmological constant was a million times bigger than observed, adding that "the anthropic argument has a problem in explaining the observed value of the cosmological constant."
Anthropic-Principle.org An essay by Mark Isaak that was published sometime before 2004 in geocities ...the creation/evolution debate has conditioned scientists to be extremely leery of implications for anthropic specialness that come with the principle, which extremist creationists constantly "nag at them" with...as the debate is chock full-o-prejudice that is expressed as a preconceived and dishonest slant on how evidence gets interpreted by either side. Neither side seems to have a real clue as a result of the fact that they're also having a culture war, and so many otherwise good scientists go into a strictly preconceived form of denial as soon as they hear the words... "anthropic principle", which are instantly associated with the term, "creationist"...or on another level, "geocentrist". This seems a more balanced presentation of the dialectic over the anthropic principle than his current writings that militate against all notions of creation.
The Entropic Anthropic Principle an important book, by Eric D. Schneider and Dorion Sagan - The thermodynamic connection justifies our seemingly insignificant human contribution, since the cumulative affect makes the biocentric need requiring that intelligent life be as common in our universe as the cosmological scale need for it demands.
Cosmic Coincidence - An Unlikely Story - New Scientist, 2010 From the creation of the early cosmos to the growing pains of our planet and life's daring evolutionary leaps - virtually everything about how we got here seems astronomically unlikely. Follow the trail as we visit 10 cosmic accidents that implausibly led to us. Authors: Stephen Battersby (1), (2), (3), / David Shiga (1), (2) / Michael Le Page (1) / Richard Webb (1) / Graham Lawton (1) / Anil Ananthaswamy (1) / David Robson (1) For abstracts of magazine articles go here In Search - enter: author + publication
Super Blood Moon
Sept. 27-28, 2015 - A mandala image for meditation on the eternal mystery
of whether the evolution of intelligent life was by coincidence or creation.